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Souvenir production in community-based tourism and poverty reduction in Thailand Print E-mail
Souvenir production in community-based tourism and poverty reduction in Thailand

Komsan Suriya and Carola Gruen

Abstract

This paper shows the results from Suriya (2011) that tourism-induced activities especially souvenir production can distribute income to the poor and then reduce poverty in a village which operates community-based tourism. The reason is that souvenir production requires many unskillful labors. Then the poor can easily participate in the activities and gain the spillover effect. In contrast, core tourism activities which are homestay, trekking, cultural show, etc. cannot reduce poverty in the village because the incomes from these activities concentrate at the richer households who afford the investment. However, to support community-based tourism, the government cannot ignore supporting the richer households in the village because core tourism is the pre-requisite for tourism-induced activities. Without core tourism, tourists will not come to buy souvenir in the village. Then the effect of souvenir production on poverty reduction will vanish. The paper also introduces the five factors of income distribution in community-based tourism and suggests the conditions to maintain the sustainability of community-based tourism.


Keywords:    Community-based tourism, souvenir production, core tourism, tourism-induce activity, poverty reduction

JEL Classification: L83, O15, I32


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The Empirical Econometrics and Quantitative Economics Letters
ISSN 2286 – 7147    © EEQEL all rights reserved
Volume 1, Number 1 (March 2012), pp. 1 – 4.